Is that a matter that I see?,
This is a question, I asked me.
I got a clue, it was Big Bang,
Tried to understand, It led to hang.
Enlighten says nothing is there,
But, all these stuffs came from where?
Finally, I understand, emptiness around,
Leading to nothing that we surround.
Just waves and waves everywhere,
Rest of the things better not care.
(This poem is based on spiritual feelings and recent development of Physics as String Theory recently M-theory. As Enlighten says no thing exists between we, me and us. Similarly, Modern Physicist too says matter is made up of very tiny particles called string, it is just like a vibrating waves of sound.........)
(Sec. Science Teacher & IT Head)
“Apply the fact in life"
Don’t wait to open the door
Try to open it
Don’t waste the time you got
Try to use it correctly
Don’t wait for the sun rise
Try to lit the fire
Don’t memories the lessons
Try to understand the meanings.
Don’t wait for anything
Try to do some thing
Don’t push away your old friends
Try to puss away your bad friends
Try to win the evil desires
To win every thing in the world
Think positive do positive
Success is sure, loss nothing more.
Charles Dickens’s Great Expectations as a Social Criticism
Great Expectations is a novel that sets to create a social critique of the Victorian era The nineteenth century was the great age of the English novels, which was the vehicle best equipped to present the picture of life. Among Victorian novelists, Charles Dickens’s novels are full of symbolic images and situations bitterly criticizing the vices of the society which is clearly portrayed in this novel, Great Expectations. The novel is the manifesto of the 19th century Victorian society where cruelty, self-centredness, wickedness, the maltreatment of children and ill-distribution of wealth were dominated the society. The society was corrupted by materialism where money plays vital role to become a gentleman. The theme does remain central and power of the novel derives from the pitiless humor with which Dickens peruses his investigation of the hypocrisies, pretensions, corruptions, and distortions to which men are liable if they gear their ambitions wholly to the material aspects of a civilization in which prestige derives from monetary wealth or in some other ways surrender their personalities to an idol. Dickens has tried to express the effect of financial and social ambition on the character of Pip. Dickens has wanted to show how all the secret relationships illustrate something about the conflict between love and money. In such a situation characters become utilities: Estella is handed over Miss Havisham by Jaggers to save her mother from the gallows. Pip is bought off by Miss Havisham when she has finished toying with his emotions, and made Joe’s apprentice, even company’s jilting of Miss Havisham is motivated by money. So most of the characters are suffered in materialistic society especially by Miss Havisham.
As a crusader of the down-trodden, Dickens exposed and attacked the stony hearted tycoons, the insolvent luxury of the privileged class, the injustice of the poor law and inhumane condition of imprisonment of the 19th century Victorian era. Pip leaves Joe’s natural love and simplicity in London, where he is snubbed by Estella, because of the ambition to become upper class man and greed for money. Pip has no past, and hence no relationship to anything consequently not only does him posses, nothing but he also has no status in the world, because he is the victim of inequitable society where money is the source of happiness. He has no place anywhere, and is nobody. Much of the novel will have to do with Pip trying to become somebody, trying to discover who he is in capitalistic society. He is the subject of a commercial transaction, and confronted by the world of money represented by Miss Havisham.
Dickens's novels have been a primary contributor to the way that most people view Victorian England. During the nineteenth century, British society was dominated and ruled by a tightly woven system of class distinctions. Social relations and acceptance were based upon position. Charles Dickens utilizes Great Expectations as a commentary on the system of class and each person's place within it. In the character of Pip, Dickens demonstrates the working class' obsession to overthrow their limitations and re-invent new lives. Dickens also uses Pip and various other characters to show that escape from one's origins is never possible, and attempting to do so only creates confusion and
By charting Pip's gradual change throughout the novel, Dickens manages to illustrate an important aspect of the socio-ecomonic context of his times. As the Industrial Revolution continued to change the nature of commerce in England and beyond throughout the nineteenth century, a middle class gradually emerged where before there had been only the aristocrats who were born wealthy, and the lower classes. In many ways Pip represents the kind of middle class "gentleman" that was quite common during this time; that is, a gentleman who had established himself in a successful business and a comfortable lifestyle despite the fact that he had been born into poorer circumstances. If he had been born a century earlier, Pip would not have so easily found the means to rise out of his social station and enter a higher one through Magwitch's and his own success in business ventures. This kind of social commentary is common in Dickens' works. Often he took the opportunity to criticize aspects of contemporary British culture that troubled him, like Victorian standards of education, the legal system, or crime and British prisons, which indeed he takes the opportunity to examine in Great Expectations when Pip visits the notorious Newgate Prison in London. In Great Expectations, Charles Dickens presents a social commentary that dramatizes the role Victorian society plays in shaping the lives of its members. In particular, the novel addresses how society shapes the definition of the gentleman and, more specifically, how it shapes Pip’s desire to become a gentleman.
Critical Review on Dickens’s work
Mark Whyte Collins in introduction of Bleak House explores this dimension of Dickens’ novels in this manner: "Bleak House is smothered by a fog of justice, the convict's chain link the pages of Great Expectations, even Pickwick Papers reveals humanity degraded in the cells. There is scarcely a Dickens's novel outside the direct autobiography of David Copperfield in which one or more of the characters do not start, or end, their lives in compulsory confinement” (11). Mark White focuses on the inhumanity involved with the judiciary. He thinks that Dickens depicts how the confinement dehumanizes human beings.
About Dickens works, Phillip Collins, in Public Reading of Dickens, says that "He possessed an almost equal genius for rendering and for producing life like creations of human characters” (18). His heroes are life size heroes. In most of his novels, we begin with the hero in childhood and follow his personal adventures into the thick of a plot involving the popular romantic material of the day, kidnapping, murder, mob-justice, and other incidents of criminal life. In his later books, Dickens, however, gained the power of constructing elaborate plots, and of creating characters of heroic dignity and tragic intensity such as Sydney Cartoons in A Tale of Two Cities and Lady Dedlock in Bleak House.
Dickens is remembered not as a dramatic artist in the novel form, but as a showman of wonderful resources. He is the master of vast and fascinating stages, crowded with farcical characters, with grotesque or terrible creatures, and with the touching forms of little children. In this connection, David Cecil, in Earley Victorian novelist, argues that “It is Dickens who explained how the poor workers of the factory had to live in the slum area, and how they had to maintain their lives on low wages, how their feelings were impressed” (2). Cecil perceives Dickens as a novelist of the oppressed and exploited people living in the slum areas.
Likewise, S.H. in introduction of Pickwick Paper claims, "Most of the Dickens qualities may be seen in the germ, his love of fun, his quickness to seize upon oddities of characters and behaviour, his incurable facetiousness, his readiness to expose social abuses, his scorn of humbug” (2). In Oliver Twist appears the lifelong preoccupation of Dickens with tragic sorrows and terrors of children which were to play so large apart in the Old Curiosity Shop, Dombey and Son, David Copperfield, Little Dorrit, and Great Expectations, together with his concern with crime and villainy, already anticipated in the interspersed tales of Pickwick Papers, which casts its gloom over Oliver Twist, Martin Cuzzlewit, Bleak House, A Tale of Two Cities, and The Mystery of Edwin Drood.
About his Our Mutual Friend, Salter E. Davies says that "His heroines like Agnes, Wickfield, are too good to be true, and that they remain on changed upon there pedestals throughout the whole of the stories in which they figure” (3). Davies thinks that Dickens’ characters are portrayed with too much exaggeration. He depicts these characters so virtuous that they sound rather unrealistic.
In A Tale of Two Cities, it is an entire system of legalized oppression that lies behind the picturesque horrors of French Revolution. Most obvious of Dickens' social intention was the satirical exposure of particular institutions that were held to blame for much of the vice and misery of the time. About oppression of Dickens' time, George Cruikshank in an Introduction of Oliver Twist argues that "By the act of 1834 the old, the infirm, the insane, the diseased, unable to their own living, were a charge upon the community of a different kind from the able bodied unemployment or the sturdy beggar” (12).
In Oliver Twist, it is the inhumanity of the poor law, in Nicholas Nickleby that of schools in which poor children were abandoned to the greed of ignorant exploiters, in Bleak House, the withering effect on characters of the law's delays, in Little Dorrit, the red tape of civil service are conspicuous. The hard hearts of scheming men, who pursue their profit with ruthless disregard for the suffering of those they ruin, contribute much to the pathos of many novels like Great Expectations. Anthony F. Franco, in his article “Familial Relationships in Great Expectations", says "Great Expectations Allows us to experience glimpse of nineteenth century English family life as Dickens' most capably perceived (5)". Franco studies the Victorian family life in Great Expectations.
The art of Dickens has a great sense of humor. The chief instruments of this art being tears and laughter and above all the poignancy and flavor of their fusion, Dickens emerges as a prominent figure in the line of English humorists. As a humorist, Dickens is amenable to discipline, to a psychological duality, one side of his mind watching the other. Walter W. Crotch, in his essay "Charles Dickens Social Reformer", reinforces the similar idea. Crotch argues that The principal qualities of Dickens' novels are his irresistible humor, his surpassed descriptive power, and the astonishing vitality of his characterization (10).
Dickens has portrayed children as victims of society. Oliver Twist, Pip, Little Nell, Florence Dombey and David Copperfield stand out among such characters. These characters represent the complaint of the individual against the wrong done by society and its institution. Dickens has himself known the lot of persecuted. At the root of his zeal for social reforms lies the memory of his own bitter childhood. In this connection, Philip Collins, in Dickens, the Critical Heritage, says "In nearly all his novels, there is an attack upon some legal or social living” (20). Obviously, Dickens despises legal system, which turns innocent people including children into criminals. He, therefore, attacks such unjustifiable legal system. Moreover, he raises his voice against the victimization of the children.
Can you imagine a world without cameras? There would be no photographs in newspapers, books, and magazines, or even on your computer. There would be no school pictures, no snapshots of your summer vacation, no television, and no movies.
It’s hard to imagine, but that’s what the world was like until the mid-1800s. That’s when the first cameras were made.
HOW DO CAMERAS WORK?
A basic camera works a lot like your eyes. Try this: First, close your eyes. Now quickly open and shut them. What did you see? You saw an image, or “picture,” from your surroundings.
A camera does the same thing, but it has a shutter instead of eyelids. When you take a picture, the shutter quickly opens and shuts. While the shutter is open, the camera “sees” an image, much like your eyes. The camera captures this picture.
A film camera catches the picture using chemicals on film. A digital camera captures the image electronically and stores it in memory or on a computer disk. The first popular photographs, called daguerreotypes, were captured on copper plates in the 1840s. Later, pictures were recorded on glass plates. Flexible film, much like we still use today, replaced glass plates in the late 1800s.
Like your eyes, a camera has a lens. A lens is a piece of glass shaped to focus light so the picture will be clear. Some cameras even have automatic focus, just like healthy eyes. If a camera lens is out of focus, the picture will be blurry.
HOW CAMERAS CHANGED THE WORLD
The camera changed the world. Before the camera was invented, people created pictures by painting or drawing. That took time and could be inaccurate.
Around 1840, that all changed. The camera allowed people to keep a visual record of their lives and important events. Suddenly, people could see pictures of faraway places. The camera brought the whole world into people’s homes. Photographs began to influence people’s opinions about the world.
Cameras brought big changes to family life as well. Before the camera, only wealthy people could afford to pay painters to make portraits. Suddenly, ordinary people could afford to have snapshots of themselves and their children or grandchildren.
Later, the motion-picture camera was invented. Thanks to that, we have television and movies.
Today, many people have cameras. Most people use point-and-shoot cameras. A point-and-shoot camera automatically focuses the lens and controls how quickly the shutter opens and closes.
Many banks, stores, and schools use security cameras to watch what people are doing. Cameras on highways show traffic patterns. There are even tiny cameras on some computers and cell phones.
Cameras are important tools for scientists. Doctors use tiny cameras to look inside the human body. Cameras on satellites orbit Earth, taking pictures of weather patterns. Cameras bring us pictures from the deepest oceans, the insides of volcanoes, and even of distant galaxies in space! Cameras are just about everywhere.
(Sec. Science Teacher & IT Head)
July 20, 2012: Forecasters say Solar Max is due in the year 2013. When it arrives, the peak of 11-year sunspot cycle will bring more solar flares, more coronal mass ejections, more geomagnetic storms and more auroras than we have experienced in quite some time.
On the weekend of July 14, 2012, sky watchers around the world got a taste of things to come.
It was mid-Saturday in North America when a coronal mass ejection or "CME" crashed into Earth's magnetic field and triggered the most sustained display of auroras in years. For more than 36 hours, magnetic storms circled Earth's poles. Northern Lights spilled across the Canadian border into the United States as far south as California, Colorado, Kansas, and Arkansas. In the southern hemisphere, skies turned red over Tasmania and New Zealand, while the aurora australis pirouetted around the South Pole.
A new ScienceCast video takes you on a trip around the world to witness the geomagnetic storm of July 14-16, 2012.
The source of the CME was giant sunspot AR1520, a seething nest of tangled magnetism more than 15 times wider than Earth itself. On July 12th, the sunspot's magnetic field erupted, producing an X-class solar flare and hurling a billion tons of electrified plasma toward our planet.
NASA’s twin STEREO probes and the European Space Agency’s Solar and Heliospheric Observatory monitored the CME as it billowed away from the sun. Using those data, analysts at NOAA and NASA successfully predicted the cloud’s arrival time. It would take almost two full days for the CME to cross the 93 million mile void between Earth and sun.
The CME’s impact sharply compressed Earth's magnetosphere, briefly exposing geosynchronous satellites to solar wind plasma. The shaking of Earth's magnetic field caused compass needles to swing--just a little--and prompted electrical currents to flow through the soil at high latitudes. Fortunately, the strike did no harm; satellites survived and power grids stayed online.
An experimental NASA computer model of the incoming CME predicted its arrival at Earth on July 14th. Credit: Goddard Space Weather Lab. Next came the light show. As the CME's wake washed across Earth, the polar regions of our planet lit up like a Christmas tree. Red, green, blue and purple auroras capped both ends of the planet, glowing, dancing, and ultimately spreading to places where auroras are seldom seen.
In Arkansas, for instance, "there was a faint glow off and on for most of the night," reports Brad Emfinger from a little town called Ozark. "Around 3am there was an outburst of red and purple plainly visible to the naked eye."
In Pawnee Grasslands, Colorado, photographer Robert Arn saw the Northern Lights for the first time ever: "As soon as I stepped out of the car, the sky looked like it was on fire. Then the Moon, Venus and Jupiter rose together in the east. To see the conjunction and the auroras side-by-side was incredible!"
Meanwhile at the other end of the planet, "auroras were going crazy over the South Pole," reports Robert Schwarz at the Amundsen-Scott south pole research station "We enjoyed the show under crystal clear skies with an air temperature of minus 105 degrees F."
In Ashland, Wisconsin, on the other hand, John Welling watched the show in his shirt sleeves: "Tonight was absolutely the best with a comfortable temperature of +78 degrees F and Northern Lights dancing overhead. The X-flare definitely lived up to the hype."
From one end of the planet to the other, spanning more than 90 degrees of combined north-south latitude, 183 degrees of temperature, and 360 degrees of longitude, this was truly a global space weather event.
And it was just a taste of things to come.
Stay tuned to Science@NASA for more news about the sun-Earth connection.
(Sec. Science Teacher & IT Head)
Trekking To Chisapani -An enthusiastic and rejoicing experience.
Life is worth when you enjoy it;
Enjoyment through work,
Enjoyment through celebrations,
Enjoyment through togetherness,
Enjoyment through memories……..
And this complete enjoyment of Life is what we experienced in our trekking to Chisapani.
Our team always enjoyed hard work to uplift the status of our family. It is our unity, labour and teamwork that helps us to achieve success and led forward, after a long period of enjoying life through work it was the time for celebration and Trekking to Chisapani was what we decided.
The celebration started on 26th Kartik 2067 which was the first day of our trip. Moving from the school early at 6 we enjoyed the bus ride to Sundarijal where we had hot breakfast. The team of 19 members in the trip made a rejoicing package of breakfast. It was not the cake that made our breakfast sweat but our fun, jokes and laughter made it, After our breakfast we led forward to Chisapani enjoying the natural beauty and greenery of Shivapuri National Park. Going through the green jungle, although the walk was very hard and full of tiredness we made ourselves relax through singing, joke, dancing and getting mixed with the natural beauty. During the trip we discovered some new talents; as singers; Januka Dhungel, Sabitree Adhikari, Susmita Lamichhane; Bhagwati Baral, Deepkala Lamichane, Padma Lama, Laxmi Shiwakoti, Apsara Karki; as dancers; Rita Thapa Magar Samjhana Shrestha, Puspa Basnet, as fun makers Ujjwal Shrestha, Hari Thakuri, Bijendra Khanal, Homraj Lama and talents regarding leadership, Durganath Shiwakoti and Sanjay Jaishwal. Our guest Puskar Thapa Magar added an extra flavor to our celebration. And it was very clear to decide that our celebration and enjoyment was the result of our togetherness. Our togetherness made our lunch in the middle of jungle on the way very tasty and our difficult journey through the jungle up the hills very easy.
It was our togetherness that we greatly enjoyed the cool and pleasant weather of Chisapani. Getting the rooms in a hotel and resting for a while we set out to enjoy the weather and beauty of Chisapani , Roaming around we enjoyed dancing, and singning in an open field, taking photos and never to forget swinging. After having the dinner we enjoyed the night singing and dancing around the fire. We were so much deep in our entertainment that all of us forgot our tiredness.
The second day, 27th Kartik 2067, It was the complete day of fun and being naughty. Having the hot coffee/ tea in the hotel we set back in our journey through the different way. Our singing, dancing, making fun was being continued in our return back journey but what made us to know that “Enjoyment doesn’t finish till end of life” was our naughty activities of diving into the cold water, getting others onto the cold water, splashing and playing in water and getting everybody’s body wet. Without thinking about the coldness, worrying of being sick, We enjoyed playing in water with each other. Although it made us much tired we still continued our rejoicing and enjoyment in our journey. We get to a hotel where we could get complete rest, Sun bath and delicious meal. After having these all we returned back to our home carrying the wonderful memories of our trip.
Now we are enjoying the life through the memories of our celebration and togetherness which we have captured in photos and videos/documentary and in our hearts. The memories of our adventures, the memories our gossips, the memories of our excitement and memories of our enjoying life as if it was the last moment of our life and we are enjoying our life back again with our hard work and team work and waiting for next celebration, togetherness and FUN.
ARJUN GIRI & CLEBS FAMILY
View on IT Class:
ð IT helps students to keep their interest in their study as well. It’s motivated them to expose their talents in front of their class. So, they can learn many things, get ideas or knowledge to make many things. That’s why it is very good in this modern world.
- Anita K.C (IT Teacher)
ð IT class helps a lot to all the children. They are getting more knowledge about creating things and they also get involved in creativity. Hence, it is beneficial for every student.
-Sujata Rai (IT Teacher)
ð IT class is really good for students but some students don’t take it seriously but it is good idea to take to IT and flourish the knowledge.
-Kamal lama (IT Teacher)
ð In my view, students get much knowledge on many things. They get to know how to make things and sometimes we show them motivational videos from where they get motivated and they know how to explain about other things also.
-Shola Prawin (IT Teacher)
ð They only get the knowledge about creativity. As creativity is using imagination to bring new to the world. So, they create their good work as much as they can.
-Tara Lama (IT Teacher)
ð Students are much more interested in creativity Not only that after watching the videos related to the subject they are more clear about it. Not only that the biography of many personalities have helped them to know more about life, but obviously they have got a platform to explore themselves.
-Manisha Shankar (IT Teacher)
ð Obviously it is good, because in my view today’s students shouldn’t be invited only in course book. They need to have more out knowledge. So far that IT class is the best class as I have realized.
-Ramesh Naral(Primary Co-ordinator)
ð The present Day science and technology is more enforced due to its silent features as well as the facilities that people have been able to grab them and shaping their lives more comfortable, easier and enjoyable. Things these all we have included the creative subject in some of the classes including classes ‘Six’ and ‘Seven’ which priorities science /Information Technology much and applying this our School whole family with more different subject teachers, administration and manpower the pupils themselves have experienced more comfortable in their job. I believe the class ‘Science & Information Technology’ would be more beneficial & good company of those whole members utilizing them in the times to come.
-Prabesh Bhandari(L.S & Secondary Co-ordinator)
ð Knowing the importance of IT, it has been helping to boost up student’s hidden talents through IT program of school. If they could show their talents to the world they are not bound under the clebs.
-Raju Lama(E.C.A Co-ordinator)
ð Information Technology is the most important thing in the present world. Thinking its growing importance day by day CLEBS has also started IT class in creative subject, Midas-e-class in Mathematics, Science, Nepali and Health subjects, and other necessary information and counselling based videos and programmes. We have also launched internet based project works and creative activities as well. So far as concerned the progress of IT at CLEBS, the activities are really progressed these days. We have updated concerned activities as well as programmes and are still eager to change drastically. Now, we need to be students centered to expose and enhance their IT knowledge and activities. For this encouragement, involvement and boost up to students for such activities is highly required so as to make students do something is IT sector.
ð It’s been an advocate of being an IT manager of CLEBS. I’ve seen the changes on student’s learning. Modern students have an eagerness, curiosity to learn new things, the things which would be in their imagination now only possible through IT class. These days’ students of CLEBS are more pro-active than before. They want to do new things everytime. Their willpower towards study has been drastically changed. They are always looking after an unseen thing. Briefly, I want to say that practical knowledge through the use of Science & Information Technology has an upper hand on theoretical Subject-matter. Thank you & I wish we could & can generate much more innovator at CLEBS.
-J.Karan Shrestha(IT Manager)
ð As CLEBS has culture of seeking identity with innovation in education system in comparison to the existing academic institution. IT is another example that we are practicing. CLEBS is making it’s efforts to show the presence of the students & manpower among a level of people in the world. Though it’s a little step, the achievement is remarkable. Thanks to the department of IT, Supporting staff and students.
Wishing all the best for Students
Articles On Website/IT By All The Teachers
1. It is a set of data and information about a particular subject which is available on the internet.
- Sabina Magar (Primary Level Teacher)
2. IT refers to anything related to computing technology, such as networking, hardware, software, the internet or the people that work with these technologies.
- Bimala Gurung (Primary Level Teacher)
3. IT class is most important powerful tools for the interactive education. It enchances the skills of learning in the students.
- Kabita Shrestha (Primary Level Teacher)
4. IT stands for Information Technology. it is the process in which different information can be received. The unabated technology has played multi-dimensional role in today's century.
- Smriti Tamang (Primary Level Teacher)
5. Website is a set of pages of information on the internet about a particular subject that has been published by the same person or organization and often contains pictures, videos and sounds.
- Rekha Bhandari (Primary Level Teacher)
6. Website is a collection of related network web resources, such as web pages, multimedia content, which are typically identified with a common domain name, and published on at least one web server.
- Srijana Shrestha (Primary Level Teacher)
7. IT is the branch of knowledge that deals with the creation and use of technical resources and their interrelation with human life.
- Reshma Rumba (Primary Level Teacher)
8. A set of pages of information on the internet about a particular subject published by a single person or organization.
- Sabita Humagain (Primary Level Teacher)
9. A website is a collection of related network web resources such as web pages, multimedia content, which are typically identified with a common domain name.
- Denjong Rai (Primary Level Teacher)
10. IT is the use of any computers, storage networking and other physical devices, infrastructure and processes to create, process, store, secure and exchange all forms of electronic data.
- Ritu Karki (Primary Level Teacher)
11. A website is a collection of publicly accessible, interlinked web pages that share a single domain name websites come in a nearly endless variety, including educational sites, news sites, forums, social media sites, e-commerce sites ad so on.
- Samjhana Shrestha (Primary Level Teacher)
12. Information Technology has enhanced, the learning method to new dimension, acquiring knowledge has become faster, easier and accessible with no limitation of time.
- Rohit Budhathoki (L.S/Secondary Level Coordinator)
13. Now, we are living in an ever changing world, technology is viewed as the most resourceful tool in keeping up with the pace. without the use of technology, communication would be limited to using mail for delivery and encyclopedias for research. although technology has improved the way we communicate and find information for research, the information is not always valid. unfortunately, for those of us who use the internet for shopping, research,or reading articles of personal interest, the information is not treated the same as your magazine or book.
-Laxmi Prasad Regmi(Incharge)
14. The creative process is the act of making new connections between old ideas or recognizing relation between concepts. it is not about generating something new, but rather about taking what is already present and combining those things in a way that has not been done previously.
- Phurba Yangi Sherpa (L.S/Secondary Level Teacher)
15. What is a Website?
Website is a location connected to the internet that maintains one or more pages on the world wide web. Website is a collection of related network web resources, such as web pages, multimedia content, which are typically identified with a common domain name and published on at least one web server. Noteable examples are google.com, youtube.com etc.